The Combat Sidestroke is used during the PST and during all training at BUD/S. Except for some of the early swims and the PST, almost all swimming is done with fins.
Most of your swimming in preparation for the PST should be performed using the sidestroke without fins. You may occasionally use the freestyle stroke for greater speed and intensity (such as during interval training).
You may occasionally use fins for part of a workout, but use caution since use of fins without proper pre-conditioning can lead to injury. To increase your swimming speed and distance, you can do three types of training: long slow distance, continuous high intensity and intervals.
LONG SLOW DISTANCE: IF YOU CAN'T SPEAK WHILE EXERCISING YOU'RE WORKING TO HARD
RUN 5-6 MILES | SWIM 1 -1.25 MILES
The intensity of LSD work is low to moderate, so your pace should feel relatively easy and relaxed when doing these workouts. They build endurance and provide relative recovery between more intense sessions. To determine the appropriate intensity for an LSD run, use the Talk Test. You should be able to talk comfortably in short sentences or phrases while training, drawing breath between phrases.
If you can't speak, you are working too hard, and if you can speak continually, you are not working hard enough. LSD swims should mirror that same level of intensity. For LSD workouts, focus more on duration than intensity. If you are exceptionally fit, you might perform 40-90 minutes of continuous movement in one session. A practical goal to prepare for BUD/S is to build up to comfortably running 5-6 miles or swimming 1-1.25 miles without stopping.
CONTINUOUS HIGH INTENSITY: VERY DEMANDING BUT NOT TOTALLY EXHAUSTING
ON A TEN SCALE | MAKE IT AN 8 OR 9
Continuous High Intensity sessions typically involve moving for 15-20 minutes without stopping at a pace approximately 90-95 percent of the maximal pace you could hold for that duration. The workout should be very demanding but not totally exhausting. On a scale of 1-10, with 10 being the greatest effort possible, the workout should feel like 8-9. If you are at a low fitness level, one set of 15-20 minutes is sufficient.
As your fitness improves, 2-3 sets may be required. When performing more than one set, allow sufficient recovery between repetitions so you can maintain the desired intensity of 90-95 percent of maximal pace.
A reasonable recovery period is approximately half of the work time. During this time, keep moving at a low intensity with a slow jog, brisk walk or easy stroke. Do not come to a complete stop.
INTERVALS: SHORT INTENSE WORK WITH PERIODS OF RECOVERY
RUN 1/4 MILE | SWIM 100 YARDS
These sessions alternate short, intense work intervals with periods of recovery. The format consists of running 1/4-mile intervals or swimming 100-yard intervals, allowing a recovery period of 2-2 1/2 times the amount of time it takes to perform the work interval.
Your intensity or pace should be slightly faster than the pace of your most recent 1.5-mile run or 500-yard swim.
For running, your 1/4-mile interval pace should initially be about 4 seconds faster than your base pace. For example, if you recently completed a 1.5-mile run in 10:30 with a 1/4 mile base pace of 1:45, your interval training pace should be about 1:41.
For swimming, your 100-yard interval pace should initially be 2 seconds faster than your base. If you completed a 500-yard swim in 10:30 with a 100-yard base pace of 2:06 your intervals should be approximately 2:04.
If you have a low level of fitness, it may be necessary to begin with 4-5 intervals per session. Build progressively toward completing 8-10 intervals. Do not run or swim more than 10 intervals during an interval session. When you can complete 10 intervals in the prescribed times, work on gradually performing the intervals a little faster each week.
Work on consistency, trying to keep little variation between your fastest and slowest interval and pacing yourself to be fastest at the end of the workout. Every 4th or 5th week, it may be beneficial to increase your intensity using shorter, more frequent intervals. For example, 16-20 x 220-yard running intervals or 16-20 x 50-yard swimming intervals. Allow enough recovery time to maintain the proper work intensity, without taking excessive time or wasting time.
To promote faster, more complete recovery, use some active recovery, such as brisk walking, easy stroking or slow jogging for part of the time between intervals.
| Read more about swim training on the SEAL + SWCC Training Forum.