NAVY SEAL ENLISTED GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
By U.S. Navy SEAL + SWCC Scout Team
Posted May 13, 2016
A SEAL candidate is assessed using:
- Pre-enlistment medical screening
- Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB)
- Computerized-Special Operations Resilience Test (C-SORT)
- Navy SEAL Physical Screening Test (PST)
The ASVAB is used to assess a candidate's mental sharpness and ability to learn. While the C-SORT is used to screen their maturity and mental resilience.
.OPTIMUM AND MINIMUM SEAL PST SCORES
|1. Swim 500 yards
|5. Run 1.5 miles
.EXERCISE TIMES AND REST PERIODS FOR THE SEAL PST
|1. Swim 500 yards
|2. Push-ups - max set
|3. Curl-up - max set
|4. Pull-up - max set
|5. Run 1.5 miles
The ASVAB is used to assess an applicant's mental sharpness and ability to learn. The ASVAB is generally administered at a Military Entrance Processing Station (MEPS).
The standard ASVAB contains the following subtests:
- Word Knowledge (WK)
- Arithmetic Reasoning (AR)
- Mechanical Comprehension (MC)
- Shop Information (SI)
- Automotive Information (AI)
- Electronics Information (EI)
- Mathematics Knowledge (MK)
- General Science (GS)
- Paragraph Comprehension (PC)
- Assembling Objects (AO)
- Verbal Expression (VE) - a scaled combination of WK+PC
An additional line score, Coding Speed (CS), should be requested at MEPS, and the score can be included in the calculation to determine eligibility for the SEAL program. If the CS line score is not taken, only one set of line scores can be used to determine eligibility.
An applicant must score one of the following on the ASVAB:
1. GS + MC + EI = a minimum score of 170
2. VE + MK + MC + CS = a minimum score of 220
3. VE + AR = a minimum score of 110 and MC = a minimum score of 50
What if my ASVAB score isn't high enough?
If you are not in the Delayed Entry Program, you will have to wait 30 days before you can re-take the ASVAB. The recruiter cannot help you study; you must seek a study guide online or at your local library. If you are a Fleet candidate, Navy College offers ASVAB preparation courses you can take while you arrange a re-test with your career counselor.
The Mechanical Comprehension (MC) score is not waiverable, but the rest of the line score may be waiverable if it is five points or less below the minimum.
Waivers are granted on a case-by-case basis. The applicant's Navy SEAL PST scores and strength of the overall application package will be used to make a determination of eligibility. If you're already in the Navy, submit your conversion package. It will be evaluated by the Naval Special Warfare Enlisted Community Manager who will make the final determination.
The C-SORT is not required for fleet applicants. All others must take the Computerized-Special Operations Resilience Test, or C-SORT, is designed to assess a prospective SEAL candidate's mental toughness or resilience. The test includes multiple sections designed to assess a prospective candidate's abilities in three areas:
- Performance strategies
- Psychological resilience
- Personality traits
Performance strategies test for capabilities such as a person's goal-setting, self-talk and emotional control. Psychological resilience focuses on assessing several other areas like an individual's acceptance of life situations and the ability to deal with cognitive challenges and threats.
The scores on the sections of this test are combined into a band score on a scale of one to four. A band score of four indicates that a candidate is most mentally resilient, and a one indicates the lowest level of mental resilience. Each prospective SEAL candidate can only take the C-SORT one time.
To determine eligibility for the SEAL program, the C-SORT band score is combined with a SEAL candidate's run and swim time. SEAL candidates who have a low C-SORT score and slow combined run and swim times will not be considered for SEAL contracts. Unqualified SEAL candidates will be counseled that they are not ready to pursue a career as a SEAL.
While candidates are not allowed to retake the C-SORT, a candidate can demonstrate their motivation by improving their PST score - particularly run and swim times - and re-taking the Delayed Entry Program qualifying Navy SEAL PST in order to move into the qualifying band to become eligible for a SEAL contract.
Candidates must be from 17 to 28 years old. This means you must arrive at bootcamp no later than your 29th birthday. Waivers are available for those candidates aged 29 to 30 with prior special operations experience or special skills.
SEAL training is open to men and women. Women are encouraged to apply.
Color blindness or color deficiency is disqualifying. Eyesight must be correctable to 20/25 with lenses. If your vision is worse than 20/25 but at least 20/40 in your best eye, and 20/70 in your worst eye, and you can correct it to 20/25 with lenses then you qualify. If not you may require eye surgery. At your own expense. Lasik, Lasek, or PRK are acceptable.
In accordance with Naval Special Warfare Center policy, all candidates, regardless of gender, will maintain a 1/8" length hair cut throughout Naval Special Warfare Preparatory School until the completion of First Phase at Basic Training Command for SEAL candidates.
Candidates must be U.S. citizens. Non-citizens with permanent residency status may join the Navy and apply for conversion to SEAL training after two years of service at your first command.
The path to becoming a SEAL is a long one for a foreign citizen. First, you must immigrate to the United States and renounce your native citizenship. Enlistment into the U.S. Navy, or any branch of the U.S. military, by citizens of countries other than the United States is limited to those foreign nationals who are legally residing in the United States and possess an Immigration and Naturalization Service Alien Registration Card (INS Form I-151/551 commonly known as a "Green Card").
Applicants must be between 17 and 28; meet the mental, moral, and physical standards for enlistment; and must speak, read and write English fluently. The U.S. military branches cannot assist foreign nationals in obtaining admittance into the United States.
Questions concerning immigration to the United States should be asked of the U.S. Embassy. Only after immigration procedures are completed and an applicant is legally residing in the United States may an application for enlistment be accepted. Furthermore, in order to be commissioned an officer in the U.S. Navy, one must be a native-born or naturalized United States citizen.
The U.S. government agency which is responsible for immigration and naturalization is the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service. The good news is that you may start the process of citizenship as soon as you join the United States Navy.
In particular, read this section: Naturalization through Qualifying Service during Periods of Hostilities.
After you have joined the Navy and served in another job rating for two years, you may apply for a cross-rate to the Navy SEAL program.
Candidates must be able to obtain a secret security clearance, and must remain morally, mentally and physically qualified.
Prior service applicants, regardless of service, should bring their DD-214 (Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty) to your Navy recruiter.